Now that you know some of the most common and popular spices, you will be able to identify them in most of your foods and dishes! They also have a subtle spicy aroma with a butterscotch-type flavor undertone. Ginger has long been associated with numerous health and medicinal benefits and has majorly been used as a digestive aid and to treat the common cold, flu, and cough. Whole cloves are often used in curries and other liquids since they also provide quite an aesthetic appeal while ground cloves are popularly used in a variety of sweet treats. Star anise is widely featured in the Indian, Chinese, Indonesian, and Malaysian cuisines and is mostly grown in China, India, and Asia. Ground fennel seeds are popularly used as a spice in several cuisines all across the world due to its sweet and grassy flavor that has subtle hints of anise and star anise. Similar to cayenne peppers, Chili peppers come from the plants of the genus Capsicum and are commonly used in food dishes for that extra spice and heat kick. Use them fresh or dried to add heat and spice to any meal. Nutmeg is extremely versatile because you can use it in both sweet and savoury dishes which is why this spice has made our Asian spices list. Since it isn't often found in stores, you'll probably need to grow your own. Alphabetical List of Spices, Seasonings and Herbs A-Z Our herbs and spices are sourced from many regions around the world, and with so many different types of spices and culinary herbs, it can often be difficult to find what you're looking for. If you do not know what certain Hindi spices are called in English, here is a list of common Indian spices and their names in English and Hindi. Celery seeds are actually a member of the parsley family. Galangal was first introduced in Europe back in the 9th century after which the spice started gaining significant popularity in the culinary world. Others were imported from similar climates and have since been cultivated locally for centuries. Use the … Cayenne is a spicy red pepper related to hot peppers like jalapenos. [hr] 1. Cumin is a seed with a bitter taste that is an integral part to most Middle Eastern cuisines. Galangal has been referred to as the “spice of life” back in ancient times considering how it was believed to play a huge part in Saudi herbal medicine. The largest cultivation and production of cinnamon comes from China and Indonesia, however, its consumption dates far back as the 2000 BC. These spice seeds come in a variety of colors like black, brown, and yellow, and are often used interchangeably in most cuisines. Jalapeno peppers are a type of hot chili pepper. According to historical evidence, Christopher Columbus discovered this spice in the Caribbean and he brought it back to Spain. And for desserts, discard the outer pod and use a mortar and pestle to grind the seeds into a coarse powder. Medicinal uses of black cumin include: Headache. The aroma and taste of cinnamon are quite similar to the spice cassia bark and is usually described as soft and sweet with a distinctive spice kick. Here are my favorite must-have Mexican spices along with the most common ones you may already be using. Indian food is unimaginable without spices. Most people prefer using freshly grounded cumin in curry recipes and vegetable dishes to get the most of that intense, nutty –spicy flavor. Some incredible benefits of this spice include enhanced metabolism, lowered blood pressure, ease of digestion, pain relief, reduced risk of cancer and decreased hunger. For instance, if the spice has orange-yellow blades, it means that it has come from Grenada, whereas orange-red blades indicate that it is from Indonesia. Saffron is a flower. Also called “the fish herb” in Italy and France, Fennel seed is found in two main varieties. Celery seed is usually ground up into salt, and can then be added to many dishes for a concentrated taste of celery. Cassia bark is commonly grown and produced in Indonesia, China, and Burma and is perfect for homemade tea blends or spice blends. (If the type is not indicated on the bottle, it’s most likely sweet.) Achiote (Annatto) – Reddish-brown paste or powder ground from annatto seeds with an earthy flavor. The use of mustard seeds as a condiment dates back to ancient times during the Roman era. Needless to say, curry powder is a primary ingredient in curry dishes, but it can also be used to flavor many stews, marinades, and meats. Though most gardeners think of using herbs such as garlic and oregano with strong aromatic flavors in soups and sauces, many herbs have a sweeter taste. Spices like turmeric, cardamom, and cinnamon have remained a crucial part of ancient remedies due to powerful nutritional value. Ajwain is a seed similar to caraway in texture. However, many of its cultivars spread to most parts of the world. In ancient times, sometime around the 1600s, nutmeg became an expensive commercial spice in the Western world and was commonly used by the Dutch as a subject to keep prices high. Some incredible health benefits of nutmeg include indigestion relief, diarrhea control, and appetite loss. Fresh, small-batch spices. You may also find this spice being used in deserts, casseroles, and caraway seed cakes. thyrsiflora) Bay leaf (Laurus nobilis) Indian Bay leaf, tejpat, malabathrum (Cinnamomum tamala) Boldo (Peumus boldus) Borage (Borago officinalis) Blue fenugreek, blue melilot (Trigonella caerulea) Below, we will look at some of the most important ones. It is often also used in desserts and sweet treats that call for a subtle spice kick. Isn’t it absolutely incredible how there is such a vast variety of delicious spices that are found all over the world? Ajwain seeds are small and oval-shaped and greatly resemble many other spice seeds including cumin, caraway, and fennel. Cayenne peppers are typically red-colored peppers that are packed with a lot of heat and a spicy kick of flavor. Mustard comes from a seed that is most often ground into a paste. It is like eating food that has no salt in it. It is popular for its nutty and earthy flavor that consists of a subtle spice kick and some hints of lemon. It is most commonly used in dishes like curries, stews, cheese dishes, or often simply sprinkled on salads for that added kick and texture. Turmeric is yet another incredibly famous Indian spice with a mix of bitter, spicy flavor. I am so excited to share that Sweet Pea Spice was selected as a Top 3 finalist in the 2016 eBay Shine Awards for the Women-Owned Business Category. What Herbs and Spices Are Used in Asian Cuisine? Garlic is a bulb that can add a lot of flavor and potency to any meal. Our herbs and spices are then tested according to the American Spice Trade Association's (ASTA) and the FDA’s food safety guidelines for quality, purity and cleanliness. Like chili pepper and cayenne pepper, paprika is also a type of pepper that belongs to the same family. Sweet spices are ones such as allspice, cardamom, cinnamon, saffron, and coriander. Latin name: Languas galangal or Alpinia galanga. Dill is a tangy herb that can be added fresh to salads or dried to stews and soups. With the vast number of spices available today, you're sure to find some that will complement your cooking tastes, your medicinal needs, and your lifestyle. Paprika peppers are native to the New World and have originated from Central Mexico. Moroccan cuisine makes use of both ground cinnamon and pieces of the ground bark (quills, or sticks). Common spices can include cinnamon, black pepper, garlic, and ginger. It has a subtle, licorice flavor. Savory is an herb similar to mint. This spice has complex undertones but mostly consists of a smoky flavor coupled with a mildly sweet and earthy taste. It is especially common with chicken-based dishes. This has to be the oldest known spice that dates back to written records found during the 5th century. Flavor: Spicy, hot with a blend of flavors from other spices. Anise was first cultivated in the Middle East and regions of Egypt, after which it gained significant medicinal value in Europe. Paprika spice is a ground version of this pepper that is greatly featured in the Spanish, South American, and Hungarian cuisine. It’s also tame enough to be used as a garnish. The flavor of anise is said to be very similar to that of licorice which is why it is commonly used with honey in a variety of baked goods. Cardamom has a spicy-sweet taste that works well with cinnamon and honey. Like garlic, ginger is also popular for its bold, pungent, and sweet-spicy flavor. It has a spicy bite in flavor. Nutmeg is a seed commonly used with cinnamon in baked goods, but it also offers other benefits. Use it with honey to make tasty baked goods. Read all about the different types of spices and pick your favorite ones! Caraway seeds are most commonly used in the preparation of rye bread due to their warm, biting flavor and a sharp, pungent aroma that is highly similar to the aroma of dill. Sumac is a berry with a tart flavor. It has a more delicate flavor, so more can be used. What’s the difference between herbs and spices? Simply click the image below and it will open as a PDF document that you can save and print. You will be surprised to know how many different spices there are, all with their unique taste, characteristics, flavors, and aromas. Sprinkle black cumin seeds on a salad or combine them with lemon for a savory sauce. Turmeric is generally easily identifiable due to its bright color combination of yellow and orange. Its flavor is also said to be very warm, with a kick of lemony sweetness, so many people prefer to use it in place of nutmeg, especially in light-colored dishes. There are a few core spices that are used in Indian food that give it the unique aroma that lingers for days. Its texture is quite similar to that of caraway seeds and it is also often used in baked foods to get that depth of flavor and smell. It is native to South Asia, Central Asia, and Southwestern Siberia. Green Cardamom Pods {Elaichi} –Elaichi, a sweet and aromatic spice, is a must-have for Indian desserts and is equally critical for curries and pulaos.When using the whole pod, it should be removed before consuming the dish. This has to be one of the most commonly found and consumed spices all over the world. Fennel was greatly prized in ancient times, particularly by Greeks and Romans who mainly used it in their food and for its medicinal properties. Fennel is basically a hardy perennial herb that is native to the Mediterranean shores. Turmeric consumption goes as far back as 4000 years to the Vedic culture in India, where it held significant religious importance and was also popularly used for culinary purposes. Every Flatpack ships for free, even if you order just one. Caraway seeds have long been associated with a multitude of health benefits that include relief from constipation, ease of digestion, cholesterol reduction, and treatment for cramps. Black pepper consists of a very unique spicy taste and is typically used to provide a subtle heat kick to numerous recipes and dishes. Crushed red pepper has a distinctively fruity, yet spicy flavor, and is commonly used as a condiment on pizzas and salads. Sesame is a seed that has a nutty taste. Onions are bulb vegetables that can be sweet or spicy depending on variety. Though poppy seeds are commonly cooked along with baked goods, they can also be used as condiments to add a sweet, fruity flavor. Hence, it comes in many varieties, ranging from sweet to hot and spicy. It's no wonder that this is a spice rack staple. Deep Cleaning Checklist: Easy Guide to Clean Like a Pro, Capricorn-Aquarius Cusp and Its Complexities Explained, Martin Luther King Jr. Facts and Resources for Kids, Choosing a Tent and Sleeping Bag for Winter Camping, Other names: pimenta, Myrtle pepper, Jamaican pepper, ''Kurundu", newspice, Other names: carom seeds, bishop's weed, ajave seeds, ajvain, Ethiopian cumin, Other names: anise seed, aniseed, sweet cumin, Other names: Fennel flower, Roman coriander, Nutmeg flower, Black seed, Black Onion seed, Black caraway, Other names: wild cumin, Persian caraway, Roman cumin, Other names: Chinese cassia, Canton cassia, canel, cassia bark, Other names: red pepper, capsaicin, chili pepper, Other names: marsh water parsley, wild celery, smallage, garden celery, Other names: chili pepper, red pepper, capsaicin, Other names: true cinnamon, Ceylon cinnamon, Other names: cilantro, Chinese parsley plant, dizzycorn, Japanese parsley, Other names: dilly, garden dill, dill seed, Other names: large fennel, large cumin, sweet fennel, common fennel, Other names: foenugreek, goat's horn, bird's foot, Other names: Siamese ginger, galangale, greater galangal, galang, Laos, Other names: poor man's treacle, clown's treacle, Gousse d'ail, Other names: Jamaica ginger, East Indian pepper, Jamaica pepper, Other names: great raifort, mountain radish, horse plant, red cole, Other names: cuaresmenos, chiles gordos, huachinangos, Other names: sweetroot, liquorice, black sugar, licorice root, Other names: yellow mustard, brown mustard, grocer's mustard, Indian mustard, Other names: pimento pepper, Hungarian pepper, Other names: black pepper, green pepper, pink pepper, Other names: kesar, autumn crocus, hay saffron, crocus, gatinais saffron, Other names: summer savory, winter savory, Other names: semsem, simsim, bene seeds, beniseed, gingelly, gingili, Other names: Chinese anise, anise stars, badain, Other names: sumach, Sicilian sumac, Tanner's sumach, sumak, Other names: bird pepper, African pepper, chili pepper, Mexican chillies, goat's pod, Zanzibar pepper, Other names: yellow ginger, Indian saffron. They are now commonly grown in Europe and North America in great abundance. This is the outer covering of the nutmeg seed and is said to be a more pungent version of nutmeg, with a combination of pepper and cinnamon kind of flavor. It is often used in desserts and sweet drinks. They consist of a nutty bittersweet flavor that is more towards the pungent side. Add them to baked goods or to savory meats you wish to sweeten. It is often used together with cinnamon due to the similar pungent fragrance and a subtle sweet taste. This is important as spices ground in other countries can be contaminated or adulterated either unknowingly or knowingly. This spice is an annual herb that belongs to the family Apiaceae and is commonly known by many other names like bishop’s weed and ajowan caraway. Some people will … Star Anise is a small seed that comes from a star shaped pod of an evergreen tree. This popular spice comes from an annual flowering plant that is native to south and southwest Asia. Saffron is also very famous for its floral, honey-like fragrance that provides an incredible aromatic smell to any food dish. Ginger has an anti-inflammatory effect on the body, and it helps with digestion. However, having taught classes on Indian food, I find that as soon as people are able to identify and understand the spices we use, then suddenly they find this cuisine is not as hard to make after all. Common Herbs. When fresh, the inside is very fibrous. As the name suggests, Allspice is a combination of all other spices and features an amazing combination of cinnamon, nutmeg, pepper, and cloves. Onion powder is prepared through a variety of different techniques, namely flow-drying, freeze-drying, dehydration, and vacuum shelf-drying. Sprinkle black cumin seeds on a salad or combine them with lemon for a savory sauce. Ginger doesn’t taste sweet, but instead very strong and spicy, yet it has sweet undertones that work well with spices like cinnamon, nutmeg and cardamom that are naturally sweet tasting. This spice that grows on an evergreen tree is great for boosting digestion, improving complexion, and strengthening the immune system. Other names: Fennel flower, Roman coriander, Nutmeg flower, Black seed, Black Onion seed, Black caraway. Its popularity largely stems from its ability to add an incredible depth of flavor along with potency to any dish or meal. It has a citrus-like flavor and tang. Sumac comes from the flowering plants belonging to the Rhus genus and it majorly grows in temperate and subtropical regions of North America, East Asia, and Africa. Either way, it adds a smoky touch to any dish and tastes absolutely delicious. Since ancient Greece times, pepper has been a much cherished and prestigious spice because it was used as both, a currency, as well as, a sacred offering. Moreover, it is believed to have the ability to treat depression and arthritis. The versatile flavor of this incredible spice also makes it an excellent addition to citrus drinks, lemonades, and margaritas. Turmeric. Although cassia bark looks almost the same as cinnamon, it is actually very different and is used more often in savory dishes, especially in China. Angelica is sweet on its own (perfect for making candied treats), but it is also a perfect addition as a sweet ingredient in salads. It ranges from mild and sweet to spicy in flavor. Paprika is a type of pepper. Every Flatpack ships for free, even if you order just one. Its flavor is also described by many people as peppery and fierce with hints of lemon. As one of the most colorful common spices to grace your kitchen shelf, paprika boasts a lusciously smooth flavor. However, it is native to the Molucca Islands which is now a part of Indonesia. Sweet potato is a starchy tuber with a little sweet taste and high nutritional content. Phil Sellens / Flickr / CC BY 2.0. These seeds consist of a bitter, pungent taste and a very aromatic smell which is similar to that of the herb, thyme. Cumin is one of the most mainstream spices and is native to Europe, Asia and Africa; however, it has become a very essential ingredient all over the world. Tabasco is a type of hot chili pepper most commonly made into hot sauce. It primarily grows in Southwest India and in the Eastern Himalayas. Turmeric is a root with a slightly bitter, spicy flavor. ... Latest Posts In Our Blog . Green cardamom is used more commonly than its black counterpart and has a very light and sweet flavor. Black pepper has originated from India, particularly from the Malabar region and the Western Ghats. Ground from sweet red pepper pods, paprika is ideal for preparing everything from seafood to red meat. Use it to create your own tahini. This suggests that in ancients, cloves were also used as mouth fresheners instead of breath mints that are typically used today. This spice tastes like a delicious mixture of oregano, black pepper, and onions which gives it a highly pungent and bitter taste and aroma. There are a variety of combinations of spices that vary in different proportions depending on the region But there are always about a dozen spices used in each blend. Cardamom has a strong, pungent flavor that has subtle hints of lemon and mint. These are not only the most popular but feature hard-to-find and exotic spices, chiles, herbs and seasonings. Interestingly, it is a very versatile spice so it can be used to intensify both sweet and savory flavors. It is also used in many desserts in ground form due to its distinctive flavor and aroma. Although nutmeg is popularly used in baking and cold beverages, it is also an excellent addition to hearty dishes like mutton and lamb recipes, vegetable stews, etc. This spice is also quite popular in the culinary world where it may be either used in its fresh form or as dried powder on casseroles, curries, cheese dishes, stews and meat-based dishes. Allspice is very popular in Jamaican cuisines, most notably being featured in the Jamaican jerk chicken. The best type of saffron is the one that has a beautiful and rich dark red color. The spice coriander is the seed portion of the Coriander plant, from which Cilantro is derived. People today are cooking more Asian cuisine than ever before, and it's important to know the basic ingredients to make the most authentic dish possible. Ginger is a herbaceous perennial that has originated from Islands of Southeast Asia and was later transported throughout the Indo-Pacific. The dried and powdered form of chili peppers is called what you typically refer to as ‘chili powder’. Cloves contain a very distinctive kind of a sweet smell with an equally sweet-spicy flavor. Our Herbs and Spices are carefully selected, sourced and imported in whole form from all over the globe. Moreover, other spice options like tamarind, paprika, and nutmeg do not only enhance the aroma of your meals but … Can you imagine a world without spices? Ginger is also greatly used in a variety of different desserts like pumpkin pie and gingerbread. Over the millennia, people have sought out certain spices, not only for culinary purposes but for medicinal uses as well. Use it in stir-fries or add it to sweet dishes for a little kick. Mega List of Spices . It is also known by other names like Indian Saffron and Yellow Ginger. Galangal root powder comes from galangal, which is an East Asian tropical shrub. Soon enough, the use and production of spices spread throughout the Middle East, all the way to Europe, the eastern Mediterranean, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and China. Herbs and spices have been traded for thousands of years, beginning with the Arabs in 3000 BC, the Romans who dominated trade from 200 BC to 1200 AD, and later, the Europeans who fought wars for control of the trade in herbs and spices. Horseradish is a bitter, spicy root. Lately, turmeric has been gaining extensive popularity as ‘the golden spice’ and is now being featured in drinks like ‘the golden latte’. It has an extremely pungent flavor that is less delicate when compared to that of the true cinnamon. Frankincense is a sweet gum. Many people also use it as a treatment for appetite loss and respiratory distress. Allspice is a berry that has combined flavors of pepper, nutmeg, and cinnamon. Licorice is a root that gives foods a particular flavor. Herbs, Spices, Dehydrated Vegetables & Chilies. Add it to savory dishes to deepen the flavor. Latin name: Elettaria cardamomum. Here's one that's definitely familiar to anyone with a sweet tooth. Each of the spices on this list has its own distinct flavor and uses. The fenugreek seeds are small, caramel-colored, pebble-shaped wheat kernels that are extremely popular for their taste and aroma in Middle Eastern and Indian cuisines. But we often get confused in spice names in English and Hindi. Cinnamon is most popularly used as a flavorful and a highly aromatic condiment in a number of cuisines, and a variety of sweet and savory dishes. The fact that the production of saffron is the most labor-intensive of all is one of the main reasons why it is more valuable than gold in terms of weight and is so expensive. Fenugreek has the surprising taste of maple syrup. An interesting historical fact about cloves is that before approaching their Emperor, the Chinese had to have a few cloves in their mouth as a way of sweetening their breath. 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